critérios imagens_dabogah

,

É democrático destituir governos eleitos

O fato de existirem opiniões e ações legais contra um governo legitimamente (por suposto) eleito, não significa que esteja havendo um clima de sedição e golpe. Isso é uma besteira sem tamanho e revela uma fraqueza de análise.

A democracia é o regime da liberdade de opinião, inclusive das opiniões contra a democracia.

Platão e seu Sócrates fizeram isso o tempo todo na Atenas do século 5 AEC. Tentaram deslegitimar a democracia em prol da autocracia (o governo dos sábios). No entanto, eles tinham direito de fazer isso enquanto não partissem para a ação concreta (o que aconteceu com alguns discípulos de Sócrates e por isso ele foi condenado: não por suas opiniões e sim por dois golpes contra a democracia perpetrados por gente da sua cozinha).

Há uma armadilha aqui e é preciso ser inteligente o bastante para não cair nela. Qual é a armadilha? É simples. Os governistas ficaram em posição vulnerável ao serem surpreendidos apoiando ditaduras (como a cubana) e governos autocráticos de bandidos (como o da Venezuela). Nestas horas a esquerda autocrática sempre tira do colete a velha solução “genial”: criar e demonizar um inimigo universal. Quem? Ora, a direita!

Então eles lançam a isca. Vamos todos nos unir para manter a legalidade, o governo constitucional democraticamente eleito, contra os golpistas que querem violar a democracia. Há vários contrabandos aqui que são inadvertidamente assumidos:

1) Opinião não é delito. Não há crime de opinião em uma democracia. Nem manifestação (se for pacífica) é crime (independentemente das opiniões de seus participantes: contra ou a favor da maconha, contra ou a favor da liberdade de orientação sexual, contra ou a favor da família… ou contra ou a favor do governo, contra ou a favor do mensalão, do petrolão e da roubalheira no governo).

2) Governos constitucionais e eleitos pelo voto não são necessariamente democráticos. Sim, eles podem ser autocráticos. Não basta ter sido eleito democraticamente: é preciso também governar democraticamente. O governo de Chávez foi eleito democraticamente e o de Maduro também (conquanto sob leis que impediam a equidade na disputa). Isso significaria que manifestações contra o governo da Venezuela são um golpe, como quer nos fazer acreditar a esquerda que está no governo no Brasil?

3) A eletividade é apenas um dos critérios democráticos. Sozinho, este critério não garante que um regime seja democrático. São necessários, além da eletividade, a liberdade, a publicidade (transparência ou accountability), a rotatividade (ou alternância), a legalidade e a institucionalidade (judiciário independente, por exemplo) e, como consequência de todos esses, a legitimidade. São seis critérios e não apenas um.

4) A democracia não é o regime da maioria e sim o regime das múltiplas minorias, as quais têm o direito de se manifestar por qualquer meio legal (e não apenas pela via eleitoral). Assim, dizer que na democracia um governo só pode ser derrotado nas urnas é uma opinião retrógrada e conservadora. Se fosse assim o processo de democratização ficaria estacionado na fórmula reinventada pelos modernos no século 17. Um governo eleito pode ser derrotado também pela insatisfação generalizada da população, que pode, depois, sim, ter um desfecho eleitoral ou constitucional (como o impeachment). Mas se as pessoas não se conformam mais com um governo, elas têm o direito de manifestar isso por meio da desobediência civil e política pacífica (por exemplo, não indo trabalhar, não pagando impostos, não pagando contribuição sindical, ocupando e redirecionando o uso dos espaços públicos, não colaborando com o governo, boicotando as empresas aliadas ao governo, exercitando o repúdio social aos agentes governistas, desencadeando campanhas contra o voto em bandidos etc.).

Num próximo texto vamos tratar da legitimidade democrática da desobediência civil e política a um governo que se tornou ilegítimo. Por ora deve ficar claro que é democrático, sim, destituir governos eleitos democraticamente que não governem democraticamente.

 

 

 

65 Comments

Leave a Reply
  1. O que me incomoda é a permanente intenção de rotular os conservadores como “retrógrados”, ou seja, que somos atrasados, que somos contra qualquer tipo de novidade e que, por extensão, somos insensíveis ao sofrimento humano. O conservadorismo é responsável pela preservação da sociedade e das suas instituições, ele luta contra tudo que surge e que oferece riscos à sociedade.

    Como bem disse João Pereira Coutinho “Nós, os conservadores, vemos a política como um exercício de manutenção de uma ordem moral e social e de preservação da dignidade da pessoa humana. Vivemos num mundo imperfeito, onde as pessoas desejam e ficam insatisfeitas, buscando sempre coisas novas para suas vidas. Não existe uma máxima liberdade, máxima justiça, máxima fraternidade etc. – neste caso os valores entrariam em choque e se anulariam uns aos outros. Por ex: não pode haver o máximo de igualdade funcionando junto com o máximo de liberdade – se você der o máximo de liberdade aos lobos isso é o fim das ovelhas. Temos de fazer escolhas: devemos viver com certas doses de liberdade, igualdade, justiça etc.”

  2. Hi there just wanted to give you a quick heads up. The text in your article seem to be
    running off the screen in Ie. I’m not sure if this is a format issue or something to do with web browser compatibility but I figured I’d post to let you know.
    The design and style look great though! Hope you get the issue resolved soon. Thanks

  3. Hello! I know this is kinda off topic but I’d figured I’d ask.
    Would you be interested in exchanging links or maybe guest authoring a blog
    article or vice-versa? My blog goes over a lot of the same topics as yours and I feel we could
    greatly benefit from each other. If you happen to be
    interested feel free to shoot me an email. I look forward to hearing from you!
    Wonderful blog by the way!

  4. I am sure this paragraph has touched all the internet viewers, its really really pleasant
    piece of writing on building up new blog.

  5. I think this is one of the most important info for me.

    And i’m glad reading your article. But wanna remark on some general things, The web site style is great, the articles is
    really excellent : D. Good job, cheers

  6. I don’t know whether it’s just me or if perhaps everybody else encountering issues with your
    website. It appears as if some of the written text within your content are
    running off the screen. Can somebody else please comment and let me know if this is happening to them as well?
    This could be a problem with my internet browser because I’ve had this happen before.
    Appreciate it

  7. Hey! I could have sworn I’ve been to this site before but after browsing through some of the post I realized it’s
    new to me. Anyhow, I’m definitely delighted I found it and I’ll be
    bookmarking and checking back frequently!

  8. Wonderful goods from you, man. I have understand your stuff
    previous to and you’re just too wonderful. I actually like what you have acquired here, certainly like what you’re stating and the way in which you say it.
    You make it enjoyable and you still care for to keep it
    sensible. I cant wait to read far more from you.
    This is really a great web site.

  9. Hi there just wanted to give you a quick heads up.
    The text in your content seem to be running off the screen in Safari.
    I’m not sure if this is a formatting issue or something to do with
    internet browser compatibility but I thought I’d post to
    let you know. The design and style look great though! Hope you
    get the problem fixed soon. Kudos

  10. Can I simply just say what a comfort to discover someone that actually understands what
    they are discussing over the internet. You definitely know how to bring a problem to light and make it important.

    More people ought to look at this and understand this side of your story.
    I was surprised that you aren’t more popular given that
    you surely have the gift.

  11. Hi, Neat post. There’s a problem along with your web site in web explorer, could test this?
    IE still is the marketplace chief and a big section of people will omit your wonderful writing because of this problem.

  12. Excellent post. I used to be checking constantly this weblog and I am inspired!
    Extremely helpful info specifically the final section :) I take care of such information a lot.

    I used to be seeking this particular info for a long time. Thank you and best
    of luck.

  13. The other day, while I was at work, my sister stole my iPad
    and tested to see if it can survive a thirty foot drop, just so
    she can be a youtube sensation. My iPad is now destroyed and she has 83 views.
    I know this is totally off topic but I had to share it with
    someone!

  14. I’m gone to tell my little brother, that he should also pay a quick visit this webpage on regular basis to obtain updated from most up-to-date reports.

  15. Hello! I just wanted to ask if you ever have any problems with hackers?
    My last blog (wordpress) was hacked and I ended up losing many months of
    hard work due to no backup. Do you have any
    methods to protect against hackers?

  16. Hey, I think your website might be having browser compatibility issues.
    When I look at your blog in Firefox, it looks fine but when opening in Internet Explorer, it has some
    overlapping. I just wanted to give you a quick heads up!
    Other then that, awesome blog!

  17. Hi there, just became alert to your blog through Google, and found that it
    is really informative. I’m going to watch out for brussels.
    I will appreciate if you continue this in future. Many people will be benefited from your writing.
    Cheers!

  18. Hello there I am so glad I found your blog, I really found you by accident, while I
    was searching on Yahoo for something else, Regardless I am here now
    and would just like to say thank you for a fantastic post and a all
    round interesting blog (I also love the theme/design),
    I don’t have time to read it all at the minute but I have book-marked it and also included
    your RSS feeds, so when I have time I will be back to
    read much more, Please do keep up the excellent work.

  19. My partner and I absolutely love your blog and find a lot of your post’s to be what precisely I’m looking for.
    Does one offer guest writers to write content available for you?
    I wouldn’t mind writing a post or elaborating on a lot of the subjects you write with regards to here.
    Again, awesome web site!

  20. We stumbled over here by a different web page and thought I might check things out.
    I like what I see so i am just following you. Look forward to
    checking out your web page for a second time.

  21. Please let me know if you’re looking for a article writer for your site.
    You have some really good articles and I think I
    would be a good asset. If you ever want to take some of
    the load off, I’d really like to write some articles for your blog in exchange for a link back to
    mine. Please shoot me an email if interested. Cheers!

  22. Hi there I am so excited I found your webpage, I really found you by error,
    while I was looking on Digg for something else, Anyhow I am here now and would just like to say many thanks for a tremendous post and
    a all round exciting blog (I also love the theme/design), I don’t
    have time to go through it all at the minute but I have saved it and also included
    your RSS feeds, so when I have time I will be back to read
    much more, Please do keep up the awesome work.

  23. hello!,I really like your writing very so much!
    proportion we keep up a correspondence more about your post on AOL?

    I require an expert in this house to solve my problem. Maybe that’s you!
    Taking a look ahead to look you.

  24. First off I would like to say fantastic blog!
    I had a quick question which I’d like to ask if you do not mind.
    I was curious to know how you center yourself and clear your head prior to writing.
    I’ve had a hard time clearing my thoughts in getting my ideas out.
    I do enjoy writing however it just seems like the first 10 to 15 minutes are wasted
    just trying to figure out how to begin. Any suggestions or tips?
    Thank you!

  25. Pretty nice post. I simply stumbled upon your weblog and wished
    to mention that I have truly loved browsing your blog posts.
    In any case I will be subscribing for your rss feed and I
    am hoping you write once more soon!

  26. Greate post. Keep posting such kind of info on your page.
    Im really impressed by your blog.
    Hello there, You’ve done a great job. I will definitely digg it and in my opinion suggest to my friends.
    I’m sure they will be benefited from this site.

  27. I’m now not sure where you’re getting your info, however great topic.
    I needs to spend some time learning more or working out more.
    Thanks for fantastic information I was looking for this information for my mission.

  28. I do not even know how I ended up here, but I
    thought this post was great. I do not know who you are
    but definitely you’re going to a famous blogger if you are not already
    😉 Cheers!

  29. Attractive section of content. I just stumbled upon your blog
    and in accession capital to assert that I acquire in fact enjoyed account your
    blog posts. Any way I’ll be subscribing to your feeds and even I achievement you access
    consistently quickly.

  30. I used to be suggested this blog by way of my cousin.
    I’m now not sure whether this post is written by him as no one else recognize such specific
    about my difficulty. You’re amazing! Thanks!

  31. Hey! Someone in my Facebook group shared this site with us so I came to check it out.
    I’m definitely loving the information. I’m bookmarking
    and will be tweeting this to my followers! Exceptional blog and excellent design and style.

  32. I am really impressed with your writing skills and also with the layout on your weblog.
    Is this a paid theme or did you modify it yourself?
    Either way keep up the excellent quality writing, it is rare to see
    a nice blog like this one nowadays.

  33. Hello! I just wanted to ask if you ever have any issues with hackers?
    My last blog (wordpress) was hacked and I ended up losing many months of hard work due to no backup.
    Do you have any solutions to prevent hackers?

  34. Priligy In Italia [url=http://5553pill.xyz/generic-vibramycin-buy.php]Generic Vibramycin Buy[/url] Apotheke Viagra Pfizer Viagra Aus Deutschland Online [url=http://amox1.xyz/generic-amoxicillin.php]Generic Amoxicillin[/url] Free Shipping Pyridium C.O.D. Low Price Isotretinoin order [url=http://nolva.xyz/nolvadex-tamoxifen-citrate-buy.php]Nolvadex Tamoxifen Citrate Buy[/url] Want To Buy Fedex Shipping Clobetasol Temovate Mastercard Viagra Kaufen Illegal [url=http://antab1.xyz/generic-antabuse-cheap.php]Generic Antabuse Cheap[/url] Sildenafil 50mg Cheap Lasix No Prescription Overnight [url=http://buyzol.xyz/zoloft-50mg.php]Zoloft 50mg[/url] Cialis En Suisse Propecia Generika 1mg [url=http://sildenaf.xyz/cheap-viagra-pill.php]Cheap Viagra Pill[/url] Propecia Directions Order Synthroid Canada [url=http://deltas.xyz/purchase-deltasone.php]Purchase Deltasone[/url] Cialis 10 Stress Bentyl Coligon Where To Buy [url=http://buykama.xyz/how-much-is-kamagra.php]How Much Is Kamagra[/url] Generic Viagra 25 Mg Review Kamagra Kaufen Ohne Kreditkarte [url=http://viag1.xyz/buy-generic-viagra.php]Buy Generic Viagra[/url] Zithromax Shipped Overnight Comprar Cialis Generico En Murcia [url=http://zithro.xyz/generic-zithromax-buy.php]Generic Zithromax Buy[/url] Propecia Buy Cheap Quimico De Propecia [url=http://furos.xyz/order-lasix-cheap.php]Order Lasix Cheap[/url] Definicion De Kamagra Best Buy Amoxicilina [url=http://buycheapdapoxonline.xyz/buy-cheap-priligy-online-uk.php]Buy Cheap Priligy Online Uk[/url] Priligy Emla Online Pharmacy 24h [url=http://buycheapdapoxonline.xyz/comprar-priligy-original.php]Comprar Priligy Original[/url] Provera Internet Visa Cod Only Old Cephalexin [url=http://zol1.xyz/zoloft-to-buy.php]Zoloft To Buy[/url] Cialis On Line Pharmacies Viagra Popular British Websites [url=http://buylevi.xyz/low-price-levitra.php]Low Price Levitra[/url] Online Drugstore Usa.C Where To Order Fluoxetine 40mg Floxet [url=http://antab1.xyz/antabuse-tablets-buy.php]Antabuse Tablets Buy[/url] Salmonella Keflex Zithromax Dose Chlamydia [url=http://buykama.xyz/kamagra-online-usa.php]Kamagra Online Usa[/url] Cooper Kamagra

  35. Hello there I am so happy I found your blog page, I really found you
    by error, while I was browsing on Yahoo for something else, Anyways
    I am here now and would just like to say thanks a lot for a
    tremendous post and a all round entertaining blog
    (I also love the theme/design), I don’t have time to read through it all at the moment but I have bookmarked it and also added in your RSS feeds, so when I
    have time I will be back to read much more, Please do keep up the
    great job.

  36. 617871 712443definitely like your web website but you require to check the spelling on several of your posts. Several of them are rife with spelling issues and I discover it extremely troublesome to tell the truth nevertheless I will certainly come back once more. 376432

  37. I’m really impressed together with your writing abilities as well as with
    the structure on your blog. Is that this a paid subject or did you modify it yourself?
    Anyway keep up the nice high quality writing, it’s rare to look a great weblog like
    this one these days..

  38. Hi, I believe your website could possibly be
    having internet browser compatibility issues. Whenever I look
    at your site in Safari, it looks fine but when opening in Internet Explorer, it has some overlapping issues.
    I simply wanted to give you a quick heads up!

    Apart from that, great website!

  39. Hi there very cool web site!! Guy .. Beautiful .. Superb ..
    I will bookmark your website and take the feeds additionally?
    I’m happy to seek out numerous helpful info right here within the publish, we need work out more
    techniques on this regard, thank you for sharing. .
    . . . .

  40. After looking at a number of the blog posts on your blog,
    I truly like your technique of writing a blog. I saved as a favorite it to my bookmark site list and will be checking
    back soon. Please check out my website too and let me
    know your opinion.

One Ping

  1. Pingback:

Deixe uma resposta

O seu endereço de e-mail não será publicado.

Loading…

Deixe seu comentário